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Petra.
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10 MYTHS ABOUT HUNGER
30.10.2007 at 02:48:35
 
10 MYTHS ABOUT HUNGER  

Myth 1 Not Enough Food to Go Around Reality: Abundance, not scarcity, best describes the world's food supply. Enough wheat, rice and other grains are produced to provide every human being with 3,500 calories a day. That doesn't even count many other commonly eaten foods - vegetables, beans, nuts, root crops, fruits, grass-fed meats, and fish. Enough food is available to provide at least 4.3 pounds of food per person a day worldwide: two and half pounds of grain, beans and nuts, about a pound of fruits and vegetables, and nearly another pound of meat, milk and eggs-enough to make most people fat! The problem is that many people are too poor to buy readily available food. Even most "hungry countries" have enough food for all their people right now. Many are net exporters of food and other agricultural products.

Myth 2
Nature's to Blame for Famine Reality: It's too easy to blame nature. Human-made forces are making people increasingly vulnerable to nature's vagaries. Food is always available for those who can afford it�starvation during hard times hits only the poorest. Millions live on the brink of disaster in south Asia, Africa and elsewhere, because they are deprived of land by a powerful few, trapped in the unremitting grip of debt, or miserably paid. Natural events rarely explain deaths; they are simply the final push over the brink. Human institutions and policies determine who eats and who starves during hard times. Likewise, in America many homeless die from the cold every winter, yet ultimate responsibility doesn't lie with the weather. The real culprits are an economy that fails to offer everyone opportunities, and a society that places economic efficiency over compassion.

Myth 3 Too Many People Reality: Birth rates are falling rapidly worldwide as remaining regions of the Third World begin the demographic transition�when birth rates drop in response to an earlier decline in death rates. Although rapid population growth remains a serious concern in many countries, nowhere does population density explain hunger. For every Bangladesh, a densely populated and hungry country, we find a Nigeria, Brazil or Bolivia, where abundant food resources coexist with hunger. Costa Rica, with only half of Honduras' cropped acres per person, boasts a life expectancy�one indicator of nutrition �11 years longer than that of Honduras and close to that of developed countries. Rapid population growth is not the root cause of hunger. Like hunger itself, it results from underlying inequities that deprive people, especially poor women, of economic opportunity and security. Rapid population growth and hunger are endemic to societies where land ownership, jobs, education, health care, and old age security are beyond the reach of most people. Those Third World societies with dramatically successful early and rapid reductions of population growth rates-China, Sri Lanka, Colombia, Cuba and the Indian state of Kerala-prove that the lives of the poor, especially poor women, must improve before they can choose to have fewer children.

Myth 4
The Environment vs. More Food? Reality: We should be alarmed that an environmental crisis is undercutting our food-production resources, but a tradeoff between our environment and the world's need for food is not inevitable. Efforts to feed the hungry are not causing the environmental crisis. Large corporations are mainly responsible for deforestation-creating and profiting from developed-country consumer demand for tropical hardwoods and exotic or out-of-season food items. Most pesticides used in the Third World are applied to export crops, playing little role in feeding the hungry, while in the U.S. they are used to give a blemish-free cosmetic appearance to produce, with no improvement in nutritional value. Alternatives exist now and many more are possible. The success of organic farmers in the U.S. gives a glimpse of the possibilities. Cuba's recent success in overcoming a food crisis through self-reliance and sustainable, virtually pesticide-free agriculture is another good example. Indeed, environmentally sound agricultural alternatives can be more productive than environmentally destructive ones.

Myth 5
The Green Revolution is the Answer Reality: The production advances of the Green Revolution are no myth. Thanks to the new seeds, million of tons more grain a year are being harvested. But focusing narrowly on increasing production cannot alleviate hunger because it fails to alter the tightly concentrated distribution of economic power that determines who can buy the additional food. That's why in several of the biggest Green Revolution successes�India, Mexico, and the Philippines�grain production and in some cases, exports, have climbed, while hunger has persisted and the long-term productive capacity of the soil is degraded. Now we must fight the prospect of a 'New Green Revolution' based on biotechnology, which threatens to further accentuate inequality.

Myth 6 We Need Large Farms Reality: Large landowners who control most of the best land often leave much of it idle. Unjust farming systems leave farmland in the hands of the most inefficient producers. By contrast, small farmers typically achieve at least four to five times greater output per acre, in part because they work their land more intensively and use integrated, and often more sustainable, production systems. Without secure tenure, the many millions of tenant farmers in the Third World have little incentive to invest in land improvements, to rotate crops, or to leave land fallow for the sake of long-term soil fertility. Future food production is undermined. On the other hand, redistribution of land can favor production. Comprehensive land reform has markedly increased production in countries as diverse as Japan, Zimbabwe, and Taiwan. A World Bank study of northeast Brazil estimates that redistributing farmland into smaller holdings would raise output an astonishing 80 percent.

Myth 7 The Free Market Can End Hunger Reality: Unfortunately, such a "market-is-good, government-is-bad" formula can never help address the causes of hunger. Such a dogmatic stance misleads us that a society can opt for one or the other, when in fact every economy on earth combines the market and government in allocating resources and distributing goods. The market's marvelous efficiencies can only work to eliminate hunger, however, when purchasing power is widely dispersed. So all those who believe in the usefulness of the market and the necessity of ending hunger must concentrate on promoting not the market, but the consumers! In this task, government has a vital role to play in countering the tendency toward economic concentration, through genuine tax, credit, and land reforms to disperse buying power toward the poor. Recent trends toward privatization and de-regulation are most definitely not the answer.

Myth 8
Free Trade is the Answer Reality: The trade promotion formula has proven an abject failure at alleviating hunger. In most Third World countries exports have boomed while hunger has continued unabated or actually worsened. While soybean exports boomed in Brazil-to feed Japanese and European livestock-hunger spread from one-third to two-thirds of the population. Where the majority of people have been made too poor to buy the food grown on their own country's soil, those who control productive resources will, not surprisingly, orient their production to more lucrative markets abroad. Export crop production squeezes out basic food production. Pro-trade policies like NAFTA and GATT pit working people in different countries against each other in a 'race to the bottom,' where the basis of competition is who will work for less, without adequate health coverage or minimum environmental standards. Mexico and the U.S. are a case in point: since NAFTA we have had a net loss of 250,000 jobs here, while Mexico has lost 2 million, and hunger is on the rise in both countries.

Myth 9
Too Hungry to Fight for Their Rights Reality: Bombarded with images of poor people as weak and hungry, we lose sight of the obvious: for those with few resources, mere survival requires tremendous effort. If the poor were truly passive, few of them could even survive. Around the world, from the Zapatistas in Chiapas, Mexico, to the farmers' movement in India, wherever people are suffering needlessly, movements for change are underway. People will feed themselves, if allowed to do so. It's not our job to 'set things right' for others. Our responsibility is to remove the obstacles in their paths, obstacles often created by large corporations and U.S. government, World Bank and IMF policies.

Myth 10
More Aid Will Help the Hungry Reality: Most aid works directly against the hungry. Foreign aid can only reinforce, not change, the status quo. Where governments answer only to elites, our aid not only fails to reach hungry people, it shores up the very forces working against them. Our aid is used to impose free trade and free market policies, to promote exports at the expense of food production, and to provide the armaments that repressive governments use to stay in power. Even emergency, or humanitarian aid, which makes up only five percent of the total, often ends up enriching American grain companies while failing to reach the hungry, and it can dangerously undercut local food production in the recipient country. It would be better to use our foreign aid budget for unconditional debt relief, as it is the foreign debt burden that forces most Third World countries to cut back on basic health, education and anti-poverty programs. the end P.S: All the above do not aim on making as fell guilty, but sure gives a lot of oportunities to think about life as it is and the coraption of our social structures
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Re: 10 MYTHS ABOUT HUNGER
Reply #1 - 30.10.2007 at 09:27:41
 
Ja, zanimiv tekst. Je zanimivo, kako zahod s pošiljanjem pomoči omogoča ohranjanje obstoječe strukture in s tem socialno nepravičnost.
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Re: 10 MYTHS ABOUT HUNGER
Reply #2 - 30.10.2007 at 11:29:31
 
k zanalašč ... se use dela glih narobe ...
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Lahko pa da se tudi motim ...

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Petra.
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Re: 10 MYTHS ABOUT HUNGER
Reply #3 - 30.10.2007 at 16:37:00
 
če bi se komu to dalo prevest bi bilo super, tud za pozitivke. Wink
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Re: 10 MYTHS ABOUT HUNGER
Reply #4 - 08.11.2007 at 08:08:36
 
cel kup bulšita je zapisanega


1. ljudi je absolutno preveč, za neko ekološko osveščeno življenje - se pravi brez da bi vse zasvinjali in se utopili v lastnem dreku...

(recimo po kilah na persono je mogoče robe dovolj, vendar pa bi to robo morali še razporediti; transport, čas...)

2. brez nič ni nič...

3. tile preračuni s kalorijami so eno navadno sranje - saj nikjer ne bomo našli povprečnega človeka ali povprečnih razmer


4. tudi v socializmu so ljudje bili lačni - in so še...



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Re: 10 MYTHS ABOUT HUNGER
Reply #5 - 08.11.2007 at 10:10:04
 
t wrote on 08.11.2007 at 08:08:36:
cel kup bulšita je zapisanega
1. ljudi je absolutno preveč, za neko ekološko osveščeno življenje - se pravi brez da bi vse zasvinjali in se utopili v lastnem dreku...
(recimo po kilah na persono je mogoče robe dovolj, vendar pa bi to robo morali še razporediti; transport, čas...)
2. brez nič ni nič...
3. tile preračuni s kalorijami so eno navadno sranje - saj nikjer ne bomo našli povprečnega človeka ali povprečnih razmer
4. tudi v socializmu so ljudje bili lačni - in so še...

ne piše da ni preveč ljudi; pak pa da je hrane obilje, da bi ne rabl bluzit o tem da so eni lačni + tud pove zakaj obstaja percepcija da je hrane (pre)mal ... ker pač ljudje preveč žrejo ...
Quote:
Myth 1 Not Enough Food to Go Around Reality: Abundance, not scarcity, best describes the world's food supply.



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Re: 10 MYTHS ABOUT HUNGER
Reply #6 - 08.11.2007 at 11:01:51
 
gape wrote on 08.11.2007 at 10:10:04:
t wrote on 08.11.2007 at 08:08:36:
cel kup bulšita je zapisanega
1. ljudi je absolutno preveč, za neko ekološko osveščeno življenje - se pravi brez da bi vse zasvinjali in se utopili v lastnem dreku...
(recimo po kilah na persono je mogoče robe dovolj, vendar pa bi to robo morali še razporediti; transport, čas...)
2. brez nič ni nič...
3. tile preračuni s kalorijami so eno navadno sranje - saj nikjer ne bomo našli povprečnega človeka ali povprečnih razmer
4. tudi v socializmu so ljudje bili lačni - in so še...

ne piše da ni preveč ljudi; pak pa da je hrane obilje, da bi ne rabl bluzit o tem da so eni lačni + tud pove zakaj obstaja percepcija da je hrane (pre)mal ... ker pač ljudje preveč žrejo ...
Quote:
Myth 1 Not Enough Food to Go Around Reality: Abundance, not scarcity, best describes the world's food supply.






Piše u točki 3. (tukaj je zapisano toliko neumnosti, da niti ne čutim potrebe, da bi bral naprej) To, da več ljudi več poje, je zame dejstvo, pa čeprav lahko najdejo tudi kakšno državo, kjer je hrane dovolj, pa so nekateri vseeno lačni...

Sam kar se mene tiče, so to najmanj računi brez krčmarja - najprej s tistimi 3500 kalorijami; ta že v osnovi ne more zdržati kar za vse: ker nismo vsi isti roboti, niti ne sedimo vsi pod isto kokosovo palmo.

Vse skupaj je napisano, vsaj kar se dejstev tiče, tako površno, da pri meni ne zdrži, še bolj butaste pa se mi zdijo kvazi rešitve, ki jih te točke ponujajo.


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